The knee is a complex joint made up of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. It may be described as a hinge joint, similar to the hinge on a door. The knee not only bends back and forth but also has a complex rotational component that occurs with flexion and extension.
Each knee has two crescent-shaped menisci, or cushion pads. The lateral meniscus lies at the outer side of the knee and the medial meniscus lies at the inner side of the knee. The strong but flexible menisci act as shock absorbers between the femur (upper-thigh bone) and the tibia (shin bone), especially during weight-bearing activities such as walking or stair climbing. The menisci also stabilize and evenly distribute your body weight across the knee joint.
The ACL is one of a pair of crucial ligaments that forms a cross in the center of the knee joint. Both the ACL and the PCL function to stabilize the knee from front to back. The ACL limits the forward movement of the tibia, and the PCL limits the backward movement of this bone. Additional ligaments provide stability to other movements at the joint, including angulation (left/ right motion) and rotation. Without such stability, you may feel that your knee is simply giving out from under you.
All information provided on this website is for information purposes only. Every patient's case is unique and each patient should follow his or her doctor's specific instructions. Please discuss nutrition, medication and treatment options with your doctor to make sure you are getting the proper care for your particular situation. If you are seeking this information in an emergency situation, please call 911 and seek emergency help.
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Dr. Adams discussed different options with me, I chose to have my knee scoped. I couldn’t be more pleased with my results. Two weeks postoperative my knee feels great and no more pain I experienced before surgery. Dr. Adams, office staff and surgical staff were professional and friendly and made for a successful…
L. Fleming in Stephenville, TXDr Brook Adams MD Orthopedic Surgeon Testimonial
I broke my wrist & am a senior citizen. He was very compassionate, asking questions about my lifestyle & giving me a choice in my treatment. I live a very active lifestyle & work with my hands a lot. After listening to the type of things I do with my hands, he said that surgery would make the healing…
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Brad G in Stephenville, TXDr Brook Adams MD Orthopedic Surgeon Testimonial
Overall great talented man. I had ACL reconstion surgery with him at the beginning of this year and I’m an active sports player he did such a great job. I’m back playing with no problems, my knee feels great. I recommend…
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